Polypectomy is a medical procedure in which a polyp is removed from the lining of an organ or tissue in the body. Polyps are abnormal growths that can occur in various parts of the body
Snare polypectomy: This is the most common technique used for removing polyps. In this technique, a thin wire loop called a snare is placed around the base of the polyp, and then an electrical current is used to cut through the polyp and remove it.
Hot biopsy: This technique is used for small polyps. A small electrical current is used to heat up the biopsy forceps, which are then used to remove the polyp.
Cold biopsy: This technique is used for small polyps that are less than 3 mm in size. In this technique, a small forceps is used to remove the polyp without using any electrical current.
Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR): This technique is used for larger polyps. In this technique, a special solution is injected into the area around the polyp to lift it up, and then the polyp is removed using a snare.
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD): This technique is similar to EMR, but it is used for larger and more complex polyps. In this technique, a special knife is used to carefully dissect the polyp from the surrounding tissue.
Polypectomy is a simple, safe and effective procedure for the removal of polyps from the colon, which can help prevent colon cancer." - Dr. Mark Pochapin