What is Hysterosalpingography?

In clinical terms, HSG refers to Hysterosalpingography, which is a medical imaging test that uses X-rays to examine the uterus and fallopian tubes of a woman

HSG is often used to evaluate female infertility or recurrent miscarriages. It can help to diagnose problems such as blockages or abnormalities in the fallopian tubes, uterine fibroids, and other structural issues that may be interfering with conception or pregnancy.

Techniques Used:

  • Preparation: The patient will be asked to empty her bladder and change into a hospital gown. She may also be given medication to help relax her and reduce discomfort during the procedure.
  • Insertion of a speculum: A speculum (a device used to hold open the vaginal walls) is inserted into the vagina to allow access to the cervix.
  • Catheter insertion: A catheter (a thin, flexible tube) is then inserted through the cervix into the uterus. This may cause some discomfort or cramping.
  • Injection of contrast dye: A contrast dye is then injected through the catheter into the uterus. This dye will flow into the fallopian tubes and allow for visualization of the tubes and uterus on an X-ray machine.
  • X-ray imaging: X-ray images are taken while the contrast dye is flowing through the uterus and fallopian tubes. These images can show any blockages or abnormalities in the fallopian tubes or uterus.
  • Removal of catheter and speculum: Once the images have been taken, the catheter and speculum are removed and the patient is allowed to rest.

Advantages Of HSG

Non-invasive: HSG is a non-invasive procedure, which means that it does not require any incisions or invasive techniques. It is performed using a catheter that is inserted through the cervix.

Quick procedure: The procedure typically takes about 30 minutes to complete, making it a relatively quick diagnostic test.

Cost-effective: HSG is a cost-effective method of evaluating the female reproductive system, especially when compared to more invasive procedures such as laparoscopy.

Identifies structural abnormalities: HSG can help identify structural abnormalities in the uterus and fallopian tubes, such as uterine fibroids, polyps, adhesions, or blockages.

Improved fertility outcomes: HSG can help improve fertility outcomes in women who have had difficulty conceiving. It has been shown to increase the likelihood of pregnancy in some women.

Minimal side effects: HSG is generally well-tolerated, and most women experience only mild discomfort or cramping during the procedure.

Provides immediate results: The results of the HSG test are available immediately, allowing physicians to provide a prompt diagnosis and recommend appropriate treatment options.

"HSG is a valuable diagnostic tool for evaluating the female reproductive system, providing immediate results and helping to identify structural abnormalities that may be affecting fertility." - American Society for Reproductive Medicine


Book an appointment with us

Working Hour

  • Monday 8:00-19:00
  • Tuesday 8:00-19:00
  • Wednesday 8:00-19:00
  • Thursday 8:00-19:00
  • Friday 8:00-19:00
  • Saturday 10:00-16:00
  • Sunday 10:00-16:00